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Broj 5., 2016.g.





Tretinjak, Igor Interview with associate professor PhD Antoaneta Radočaj-Jerković, vice-dean for education and students of the Academy of Arts in Osijek


Associate professor Antoaneta Radočaj-Jerković is a professor at the Department of Music and the vice-dean for education and students at the Academy of Arts in Osijek. In this interview for Artos, she talks about: the development of the Academy which has launched several study programmes during the last few years; the coordination between the departments; the approach to students at her department; and the world-renowned vocal ensemble Brevis which she founded and has been leading ever since.






Žeravica, Katarina  Zagorka at a Distance (Croatian National Theatre in Osijek: Marija Jurić Zagorka, The Knight of the Slavonian Plain, directed by Dražen Ferenčina, premiered on December 9, 2016)


The culmination of this play, which does not transfer the “spirit” of Zagorka’s novel and the distance from which is based on the unnecessary exaggerations in order to show the hypocrisy of the society, political powers and forces, from acting to visual stage elements, which are impressive, although not necessary for the play, is the Skype video of several young men from Slavonia who sing with enthusiasm Slavonian songs in some pub in Dublin. I believe that many people in the audience could recognise in those young men a member of their own family, a friend, an acquaintance or a neighbour who went to Ireland in order to find a better life. It is tragic what is happening to Slavonia. People used to come to this region in search of work from other parts of our country and abroad, but nowadays the situation is quite different. However, since there is a lack of catharsis at the end of the play, we as the audience can ask ourselves who is this criticism that Slavonia is left without knights willing to fight for it addressed to – to those who have left or to those who have stayed.


Fine Arts


Loinjak, Igor Monochrome Execution


The painting of Robert Fišer shows a post-academic freshness badly needed so that the already learned, seen and suggested could be brought under the doubt of artistic method and put between painting brackets, thus enabling the unburdened search that is an integral part of Fišer’s artistic work. The direction of his work is still the return to national ideals gathered in Maković’s Tabula rasa. To cleanse oneself of knowledge is an artistic desert in which hermits seek the basis which satisfies them or which they start to upgrade. Fišer’s stay in the desert is praiseworthy, while we can only speculate about the further achievements of his work. We will therefore let, with approval, his cleansing be the basis of his zenith.







9. Dionysus – Diversity Through Play


Gajin, Igor 9th Dionysus – Diversity through Play: A Spectacular Presentation of the New Postgraduate Specialist Study of Creative Therapy


The International Festival of Theatre Academies entitled Dionysus organised by the Academy of Arts in Osijek was held for the ninth year in a row (March 14 - 20 2016), affirming – only a year from its tenth anniversary – its importance as an important event with growing international reputation. Traditionally held in Osijek and Đakovo, the Festival gathers some 200 students of acting from European theatre academies so that they can exchange knowledge, experience and methods during the seven intensive days by taking part in educational workshops led by eminent European experts in acting theory and practice, as well as by presenting the results of their artistic training by means of attractive student plays.


Puppet Festival 2016


Tretinjak, Igor The Lack of Emotions in Plays Kamp and Ashes at the Puppet Festival 2016


This year’s international biennale puppet festival 2016 offered a very broad and versatile programme the best examples of which are the great children’s plays such as LGL‘s Duck, Death and the Tulip and The Bear and also the well devised plays for adults such as Kamp by the Dutch Hotel Modern and Ashes by the French-Norwegian Theatre Plexus Polaire.


The Commemoration of the year of Mia Čorak Slavenska and the International Dance Day


Mehić, Selma Karakia for the Osijek Dance Tribe


A very important event, the Dance Day gathers people who are glad and willing to move the boundaries of the understanding of dance in Osijek. This need to return to the community of Osijek enables some interesting forms of cooperation which have already been initiated a long time ago or are still waiting to happen. Therefore, the Dance Day 2016 in Osijek is another prayer for movement of our town.


The International Student Sculpture Workshop – Jarčevac 2016


Krašković, Denis Juraj The International Student Sculpture Workshop – Jarčevac 2016


Since students share their working and living space for ten days, I believe that another valuable element of this workshop is the great amount of healthy communication and trust between the participants, which has certainly been enhanced by the lack of mobile, internet or TV signals. Although they worked hard, students also enjoyed themselves which is very important when it comes to the presentation and perception of this type of sculpting technique. Almost every work reflects youthful playfulness, uninhibited nature and an enormous amount of fresh energy transferred into the natural matter.


The Days of Julije Knifer 2016


Turkalj, Margareta The Days of Julije Knifer in Osijek


The long-term goal of the Academy of Arts in Osijek is to introduce the work of the world famous artist Julije Knifer to the public since he was a native of Osijek. It started in 2014, when the Academy of Arts in Osijek initiated the idea that 2014 should be the Year of Julije Knifer (1924-2004) – on the 90th anniversary of his birth and the 10th anniversary of his death. It was commemorated by a series of art events the purpose of which was to promote Knifer, one of the most important Croatian artists, and his work.


51. Borštnik Meetings


Vidović, Anđela 51st Borštnik Meetings: yesterday, today and tomorrow


Borštnik Meetings are the most important Slovenian theatre event that presents the best Slovenian plays of the last season, valuable student productions and international guest performances. The importance of the international performances is shown within the context of the more and more modest programme of the World Theatre Festival in Zagreb and gradual isolation that prevents the New Circus Festival, Ganz New Festival and other guest performances within Gavella Nights and the Days of Satire.


UNIMA World Congress and the International Puppet Festival


Kroflin, Livija Just a Brief Insight into the Broad Field of Puppetry


The greatest concentration of puppet theatres, festivals, academies, UNIMA national centres and other puppet institutions can be found in Europe. But, since Europe is just a small continent and since Eurocentrism, in order to be politically correct, is to be avoided at any cost, the voice of Europe is getting softer. Especially the voice of Central and Eastern Europe where the greatest puppet achievements take place, where there are academic actors/puppeteers and puppet directors, where puppet theatres are real theatres on a par with drama theatres, where (occasionally at least) there are big ensemble-plays, where great puppet directors work. But changes in that direction cannot be expected as long as the highest UNIMA body represents literally every part of the world.


Symposium Virtual Space – Contemporary Space


Kuhar, Robert Virtual Space – Contemporary Space


The powerful influence of contemporary technologies in the world, more and more present in the Republic of Croatia, such as the virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), 3D scanning and additive technologies (3D print), prompts interventions in those disciplines and fields in which such technology is already being used. These are the fields of technical sciences and the arts, i.e. their closely related fields. Therefore, the 1st Symposium Virtual Space – Contemporary Space is organised by professor Robert Kuhar, who has already shown in his earlier project HoloArt in 2014 the need to correlate more disciplines/fields which are using contemporary technologies of virtual spaces as well as the methods of application of specific contemporary technologies, esp. 2D and 3D virtual spaces, i.e. holograms.





9. Dionysus – Diversity Through Play


Trdin, Lovorka and Marijanović, Gordan The Ninth Dionysus United in Diversity


The Festival was opened on the 14th of March in the hall of the Academy of Arts in Osijek by a performance of the students of all departments. The performance announced the creative therapies and was directed by Robert Raponja in cooperation with the artistic director of the festival Jasmina Pacek and choreographer  Sanela Janković Marušić. After the grand opening, the International Cooperation Agreement was signed with the dean of Rider University Ivan Fuller from the USA. The programme of the festival included lectures, talks and creative therapy workshops. The workshops took place at different locations such as senior homes, the departments of the University Hospital in Osijek, psychiatric institutions, associations fighting addictions and helping intellectually disabled.


49. PIF


Gugić, Stipe Diversity of Puppetry Expressions


The 49th PIF finally attracted diverse audience and proved that puppetry was a category defined by artistic skill and not age. It presented different puppetry expressions from ten countries, thus improving our knowledge. The need for a puppet is a constant need and the longevity of this festival proves it. The older, the better, we therefore expect nothing less from the 50th anniversary of PIF because this tradition dedicated to the puppet is worth it.


Biennale Puppet Festival 2016


Kunić, Hana; Jurišić, Ana-Marija; Zmazek, Ines and Jelić, Krešimir From the Ashes to the Space in a Few Puppet Steps


The International Biennale Puppet Festival 2016 cannot be separated from its host town – Ljubljana since it grows and develops with it. On every step, in Ljubljana’s interiors and exteriors, one can notice dedication and work. Parks, buildings, the fort, the theatre and its surroundings… every detail is cleverly worked out and it seems that every aspect has been dealt with to its fullest. This image of the town has been projected to the festival which, although the programme and supporting events were impressive, was flawless at all times. Apart from the great organisation, the festival offered numerous interesting plays. We will present an overview of the plays that have impressed us, in both the positive and the negative ways. 



Lutkokaz 2016        


Tretinjak, Igor; Kamenski Bačun, Rea; Jovanović, Iskra; Matijašević, Dražen;  Pletikosić, Marija; Šćrbak, Luka; Subotić, Lucija; Lanšćak, Monika; Vondrak, Luka; Pjevac, Ivana; Tarbuk, Joana and Pataky, Tena


The 7th International Puppetry Review - Lutkokaz was held in Osijek in November (16th – 19th and 30th). The review included the performances by the students of the Academy of Arts in Osijek with their final exams/plays, Teatar to Go from Bjelovar, Lutkovno gledališče Ljubljana from Slovenia, Titeres Etcetera from Granada, Spain, Cassiopea Teatar from Trieste and Cividale municipality, Italy.






Šulentić Begić, Jasna; Begić, Amir i Grundler, Ema Musical Activities of Students as a Counterweight to the Negative Impacts of Today


The topic of this work are musical extra-curricular activities in first four grades of primary school. These activities are associated with the pupil's free time and this free time is defined as time for relaxation, amusement and personal growth as a person. To make the most of the pupil's free time it is necessary for the school system to organize extra-curricular activities in which the pupils can enrol based on their own personal preferences. Other associations and organizations outside of school systems also organize activities which are in close collaboration with the schools. The research for this work has been carried out in one primary school in Osijek in 2014. The pupils from first to fourth grade have been questioned with a survey. The given data about the attendance of the musical extra-curricular activities were the basics for the systematic observation and the research log-book. With this work we wanted to explore which musical extra-curricular activities pupils of this school attend and how are those activities organized and supervised. The results have shown that the activities which are attended by the pupils are: children's choir and dance class within the school. Also, traditional dance, modern dance classes, ballet and individual instrument practice of the piano, synthesizer, guitar and traditional instruments outside of the school. A very small amount of pupils play an instrument outside of the school while the fourth of the pupils who are able to attend choir practice (only the fourth-graders) attend it. Also, the fourth of female pupils attend school dance classes. Out of the total of 255 pupils less than the fifth of the pupils  attend some extra-curricular activities outside of the school and the most popular of them are dance classes in some of the dance clubs in Osijek. It is noted that extra-curricular activities within the school are more popular than those outside of the school which can be explained with the fact that it is easier to attend the activity within the school because not all students have the same abilities to attend something outside of the school, whether it is the question of finances or the organization of their free time.

Key words: free time, musical extra-curricular activities, primary school pupils



Uzelac, Zlatko Baroque Transformation of Medieval (Oriental) Urban Structure of Osijek


The morphological structure of streets and squares of the central historical core of Osijek – Tvrđa, is the result of the radical and planned geometric transformation of older medieval, oriental, town matter into a new baroque town-fort. One can learn more about the medieval Osijek by means of town plans and new regulation projects, but mostly by means of the town plan that includes a record of the current situation from 1688 and the results of newer archaeological research.

Key words: Osijek, medieval Osijek, baroque town-forts, Mathias von Kaiserfeld, J. Petis de la Croix



Mihnjak, Jelena The Role of Libraries in Overcoming Social Differences


Since the first forms of libraries, the characteristics defining libraries and their activities have been formed, changed and improved according to the changes that have taken place in their societies. Since there have been differences between societies and their members, whether these differences were based on social differences within the community of the library or social characteristics defining a nation, culture, or some other characteristic that defines the given community even on the global level where more general rules of conduct apply, there have also been differences between the information needs of the members of these societies.

Libraries and their employees who do a responsible work of collecting all kinds of library and non-library materials for their community, accumulating the entire human knowledge, and provide services and information to all kinds of users have to be able to fight back any form of subjective and personal attitudes, opinions and judgements towards library users. This work shows the challenges that libraries face as active participants in times of the progress of information and communication technologies. It states common problems, shared more or less by all libraries today, regardless of their type and it suggests the roles that libraries can play in order to overcome social differences.

Key words: library, social isolation, information age, information availability, intellectual freedom



Loinjak, Igor and Kriška, Marko Theosophy and Abstraction – the Influence of Doctrine on the Painting Practice


Theosophy, as a complex mind system represented by the individuals gathered around the Theosophical Society, affected the arts as well. Artists who have relied on the key theosophical assumptions when defining their own artistic poetics are generally the members of those generations that date back to the first half of the 20th century. Back then, theosophy was, in a way, a sign of the times. Since theosophical components cannot explicitly be found in the artworks themselves, something should be said first about theosophy itself and its basic principles. Not being led by the need for quantity, after the general introduction about theosophy, more attention will be given to three great artists in whose work one can find the insights of theosophical thought and philosophy. Those are Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian. Analysing parts of the texts written by those three artists and comparing the ideas contained in those texts with the ideas proclaimed by the Theosophical Society, the work will try to indicate the connection between Kandinsky, Malevich and Mondrian and the theosophical teaching.

Key words: Theosophy, New theosophy, abstract painting, Blavatsky, Kandinsky, Malevich, Mondrian.



Lukić, Dina and Ratkovčić, Rosana Performance as a Synthesis of the Artistic Expression of Satan Panonski


The article will present the performances of Ivica Čuljak/Satan Panonski as a form which incorporates all the other forms of creative work of the author; painting and drawing, poetry and prose, radio drama, clothes design, music creation and performance. The chosen performances will be presented according to the available video recordings. Due to the characteristic nature and availability of the author’s written forms of expression, some topics will be accompanied by the author’s statements and the statements of other relevant people from that period. Our intention was to portray the work of Satan Panonski without quality judgements and usual analyses attempting to determine whether his work is art at all. This way, the author and his work speak for themselves. The article ends with an overview of the influences and references that the author has left behind on the national art scene as well as in some parts of the former state.

Key words: Ivica Čuljak (Satan Panonski), performance, Punk prisna porodica, Hard Blood Shock



Kirchhoffer, Sonja i Kirchhoffer, Zoran Hunting carriages from Brijuni


Hunting carriages from the collection of carriages owned by the National Park Brijuni, indicate that the determination of the typology of carriages in some cases is a difficult and complex job. The classification of these Brijuni carriages in the hunting carriages category, is a consequence of their greatest similarity to the carriages of this purpose and the fact that identical examples were not found in a very wide range of carriages. The term hunting carriage clearly defines their primary purpose which is transport of huntsmen, weapons and prey, and is compatible with the visual appearance of the vehicle, and also manifested in their sturdy construction. Between the two restored hunting carriages the biggest difference is in size and in the construction of the carriage body. During the restoration process we tried to gather information on the history of restored carriages through the material structure, because there is no available documentation on the subject. As is usual in the technical heritage of our region, the subject is often the only source of information about its history and original appearance.

Keywords: hunting carriages, Brijuni National Park, restoration and conservation.



Kuhar, Robert Movement as Sound


Matter, forces, surrounding space and their interrelation represent movement. It can be noticed when certain forces affects matter, when it moves from the given position to a new one. We define movement as a (specific) motion in a (specific) space. In living beings, movement symbolises motion and power, i.e. vitality which is the result of healthy physical characteristics of the human figure and the stable relationship between the spirit and the body, as well as the complete atmosphere of the space filled by human body. Moreover, movement symbolises our existence and defines the motion in time and space. Movement can be noticed in inanimate objects and things in a similar way, the only difference being that in inanimate matter internal activity of other forces cannot be discerned (forces produced by emotions, gestures, impulsive learned or random reactions) and those created by will power. The human body and its capabilities, defined by movement resulting from internal reactions and reflexes, are the focus and means of our research, which is a sequel to the one carried out in the PhD thesis Discontinuity in Sculpture. The research is carried out by observing the acquired movements in sports and dance skills, as well as those spontaneous, innate movements. The intention is to use the known up-to-date sources on movement and the motion of the human body in order to explore personally the types of movement focusing on movement as sound. It is important to observe human body positions and reactions in a movement, especially arms and legs, and then use visually experienced movements to put down the observed changes in sketches and drawings which will help to deduce certain movement characteristics. By observing the movement of the human figure, we notice that arms and legs are dominant as opposed to the torso since they move the most. It has therefore been decided that the whole research will focus on the movements of arms and legs, making the movement of torso and other parts of the body less significant. The movements of arms will be marked R1 and R2 (points of movement of the left and the right arm) and the movements of legs will be marked N1 and N2 (points of movement of the left and the right leg).

Key words: movement, sound, human body, motion, movement structures, sport techniques, skills, dance, jumping, natural movement, spontaneous movement, learned movement, point of movement, trajectory, transformation, experience, rhythm, tempo, notes, composition, playing.



Buovac, Marin Books Shown in the World of Philately


This paper deals with the importance of books and reading culture which have been recording in the philatelic materials of the Republic of Croatia. The materials range from the time period of Croatia's independence and date no later than the year 2005. Attention, during that time period, will be given to certain books which are certainly of great importance for Croatian history.

Keywords: book, reading culture, philately, Republic of Croatia, history





Milinović, Majda Chances and Choices


Considering the specific formal and informal aspects of music production and music education, the fact is that most of the participants in this research have started making music in the early childhood, which is assumed for most of the musicians who have not taken part in this study. Music education since the early childhood, especially if professionally led, surely determines the further education of the majority of those who have pursued this specific artistic education as children. According to author Pitts, the importance of the encouragement that children receive at home and at school is unquestionable, not only in music, but in every other activity that children consider interesting.